Unpredicted rainfall threatens rain-fed crop production and higher intensity rainfall events enhance soil erosion, reducing soil organic matter, nutrients and biodiversity. With regards to GHG production in Uganda, agriculture and land-use change (i.e. deforestation for charcoal production for domestic energy supply) are the most important sectors, followed by the fast-growing sectors of waste management. Finally the transformation of Uganda towards a society producing less GHG and being more resilient towards the negative impacts of climate change, however, can be achieved by linking the sectors of agriculture, land use change, waste management, and gender and governance within a development framework based on sustainable value chains.
This should be achieved by using the case study of Eastern Uganda, to be scaled up to the entire country.
The cause of food insecurity in Eastern Uganda is multifaceted, often as a result of poverty, landlessness, high fertility, natural disasters, lack of education, and the fact that a majority of Ugandans depend primarily on subsistence agriculture as the main source of income. Gender inequality worsens food insecurity and poverty, which is determined by their economic, educational, social and health status within the family and in society. Today Eastern Uganda faces some of the greatest challenges of food security on a wide range of indicators such as availability, access, balanced diet, diversity and equity in consumption of nutritious food at a sufficient level. Mass hunger, food stress, and inequitable access to sufficient food indicate a serious situation of food insecurity. Urbanization has too, adversely impacted agricultural land use with prime land being converted into residential, commercial, and industrial spaces. Natural and biotic resources are being rapidly depleted, some irreversible so, as industry and commerce seek to meet the ever-expanding demands are intertwined with this. The organization will take special measures to protect the environment and to promote the rational use of land, with the aim to unite three basic factors needed for sustainable development; beneficiaries, innovations, and institutions in order to combine human and economic development.